The European Journal of Comparative Economics

ISSN: 1824-2979

EJCE Year: 2013, December. Volume: 10 - Issue: 3

Financial and real crisis in the Eurozone and vulnerable economies

by Bruno Dallago

Start page: 295 - End page: 315

Keywords: European institutions; Eurozone; Financial crisis; Real economy; Vulnerability

Jel code: E02; E63; G01; O52; E65



The paper looks at the deep and the direct causes of the crisis in the Eurozone and considers what changes are necessary. It shows that, together withfinancial aspects, the Eurozone crisis stems from the difficulties of the real economy and the incompleteness of European institutions. The former include divergent real performances, unsustainable development paths of the Member States, and growing distributive disparities. The consequences of misconceived stabilisation policies magnified the effect of the above factors. The international crisis caused a shock that has had asymmetric effects within the Eurozone due to the divergent economic performances and the different institutions of the member countries. At the same time, European institutional incompleteness deprived member countries of effective policy-making and European policy management and support, thus converting the common currency into a problematic asset. Building on thisframework, the paper critically analyses the institutional and economic reforms necessary to vitalise the process of European integration, and it stresses the urgent need to tackle the real and microeconomic causes ofthe crisis.

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